Jan 5

Substistence or low-technology commercial fishing practices is usually called Artisan fishing. In particular, this term can be applied to island or coastal ethnic groups using some traditional fishing techniques such as harpoons and arrows, drag nets, tackle and rod and their traditional boats. Usually, this concept does not cover the concept of recreational fishing. Fishing techniques used for artisan fishing are commonly less stressful and less intensive on fish population than commercial fishing practiced in modern sense. There are even several computer fishing games inspired by this fishing type. Obstacles and difficulties are often related to the problems with export because there is no adequate refrigeration of the catch, and we are all aware of microbial potential hazards. Anyhow, the most important thing when it comes to this fishing practice is the domestic consumption because fish is the essential sours of nutrients, especially proteins, in poor island or coastal areas.

As mentioned above, fisheries are sources of high-quality food and they provide essential nutrients for healthy living. Traditional staple foods alone are not able to feed the whole world, while aquaculture has the potential to provide better life for the poor and hungry. Fish catching, trading and processing can provide better income for people associated with small-scale fisheries. However, artisan fishing is additionally challenged by climate changes which are considered to affect productivity and seasonality of the catch. Geographical locations are also important factor when it comes to the fisheries and there is always a threat because of the coral reefs degradation. Coral reefs are especially negatively affected by overfishing, coastal industry development and pollution, as well as by destructive fishing.